Pope Benedict in shock resignation

From BBC News

The Pope is to resign at the end of this month in an entirely unexpected development, the Vatican has confirmed.

The 85-year-old became Pope Benedict XVI in April 2005 following the death of John Paul II.

The reasons behind the head of the Catholic Church’s surprise resignation have yet to emerge.

Resignations from the papacy are not unknown, but this is the first in the modern era, which has been marked by pontiffs dying while in office.

At 78, the former Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was one of the oldest new popes in history when elected.

He took the helm as one of the fiercest storms the Catholic Church has faced in decades – the scandal of child sex abuse by priests – was breaking.

Read here

Cranmer has the full resignation statement

Pope Benedict XVI resigns – live reaction by Paul Owen, Guardian

Pope to resign. This is unbelievable news, but evidence of Benedict XVI’s deep humility by Damian Thompson, Telegraph

Pope Benedict XVI’s resignation: live blog from Catholic Herald

The Pope has tried to help, but being a Catholic has never felt more difficult than at the beginning of the 21st century by Cristina Odone, Telegraph

Saviour But Not Lord?

Bill Muehlenberg’s commentary on issues of the day…

Strangely enough, there are actually Christians today who are debating whether Christ needs to be Lord in the believer’s life. I would have thought that was a no-brainer; any straight-forward reading of the New Testament makes that perfectly clear.

But during the past few decades a small but influential movement within evangelical circles has challenged all that. They claim one can accept Christ as Saviour, but not necessarily as Lord. Lordship seems to be just some optional extra for these folks.

Their intentions are good: they want to preserve the doctrine of salvation by grace alone. Well, so do I. But whenever we elevate one biblical doctrine above others, we are asking for trouble. Passages like Ephesians 2:8-9 provide us with wonderful truths about salvation as God’s gracious free gift.

But taking any one biblical teaching and so elevating it that it minimises or overlooks other key doctrines is always problematic. Indeed, in its extreme form, this is exactly how heresies and cults develop. They take a biblical truth and either push it to an unbiblical extreme, or set it over against other biblical truths.

As always, getting the biblical balance right is vital. We all should exalt in the grace of God and its role in our salvation. But we should take the whole of the biblical revelation, and not set one component of it over against all the rest.

All of Scripture gives us one clear message: God is God and we are not, and we must realign ourselves with him. We must renounce the lordship of self and aver the lordship of the one true Lord. This is unambiguously found in both Testaments.

So pervasive is it, that it is amazing that it can be missed. Consider the hundreds of words given to Israel from Yahweh about this. Israel was saved to be a people set apart, devoted exclusively to the one true God. Putting away all idols and false gods is a constant theme in the OT.

But the no-lordship folks want us to believe that this is not so important. They might as well argue that the Israelites could happily serve both Yahweh and Baal, because lordship is not an issue for God – the main thing is to be “forgiven” (however loosely defined that may be). After all, it’s all of grace, isn’t it?

What about the First Commandment: “You shall have no other gods before me”? The very heart of it is the battle over lordship. Will the true and living God be your God, your lord, and your boss, or will someone or something else be? The very first commandment, forming the basis of all the others, has to do with lordship.

As Joshua told the Israelites, “Now fear the LORD and serve him with all faithfulness. Throw away the gods your ancestors worshiped beyond the Euphrates River and in Egypt, and serve the LORD. But if serving the LORD seems undesirable to you, then choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods your ancestors served beyond the Euphrates, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you are living. But as for me and my household, we will serve the LORD.” (24:14-15).

The very fact that God’s name is translated LORD should be evidence enough. He is Lord, and demands that his Lordship be demonstrated among his people. From Genesis to Revelation this is a great theme of Scripture. Either we renounce all the false gods and lords we cling to – including self – and give the rightful place to the only true Lord, or we continue in our idolatry and face the judgment of God.

There is no middle ground here. There cannot be two lords in our life. Jesus made this perfectly clear when he said, “No man can serve two masters” (Matthew 6:24). And the Bible never considers such matters to be mere optional extras, but the very heart of what it means to be God’s people.

Real salvation always entails repentance and a turning from sin and self to God. This too had always been a part of biblical thinking, with all the great believers proclaiming this. Calvin for example rightly said that “repentance and faith are so linked together that they can not be separated”. Or as John Murray wrote, “It is impossible to disentangle faith and repentance. Saving faith is permeated with repentance and repentance is permeated with faith.”

In the same way Christ as Saviour cannot be separated from Christ as Lord. Indeed, the Lordship of Christ is proclaimed throughout the New Testament. It is its major theme found from Matthew to Revelation. As John MacArthur notes, “The first creed of the early church was ‘Jesus is Lord’ (cf. Rom. 10:9-10; 1 Cor. 12:3). The lordship of Christ permeated apostolic preaching, and it permeates the New Testament.”

There are so many passages one can look at here. Let me highlight just several. In Acts 16:31 we find this call to conversion: “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and you shall be saved”. Notice it is not having nice feelings about the man Jesus, but a firm belief (that is, commitment in, and reliance upon) the Lord Jesus Christ.

In Romans 10:9-10 we find the same truth expressed: “If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.”

Romans 14:11, citing Isaiah 45:23, lays out the truth we have been examining all along: “It is written: ‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God’.” Jesus Christ is Lord.

At the end of the day there are only two sorts of people: those who now willingly bow the knee and confess Christ as Lord, or those who will be forced to bow the knee later at the last judgment. In either case, it is all about Lordship. Is Jesus the Lord of your life or is he not?

Yet folks in the no-lordship camp will still ask, “Where does it explicitly say in the Bible you must make Jesus Lord to be saved?” That is about as helpful as the cultists asking, “Where in the Bible does it explicitly say there is a Trinity?” In both cases these great truths are everywhere assumed and expected.

One might as well ask, “Where explicitly in the Bible does it say I cannot be saved and still be a porn addict or a child molester?” It is everywhere assumed that regular and unrepented of unholy and unrighteous living is a clear indication of not being one of Christ’s. And we have plenty of clear passages which state this very thing.

In 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 we find this: “Or do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor men who have sex with men nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.”

These are people whose ungodly, unrepented of lifestyles exclude them from life in God’s Kingdom. There is nothing here about folks who “asked Jesus into their heart” years ago going to heaven, if they are still engaging in such sinful lifestyles.

The idea that people can be saved simply by putting their hand up at a meeting, or giving a fleeting mental assent to some biblical doctrines, is altogether foreign to the biblical data, and the flow of Christian history. Oswald Allis put it this way:

The terms of Christ’s salvation are erroneously stated by the present-day evangelist. With very rare exceptions he tells his hearers that salvation is by grace and is received as a free gift; that Christ has done everything for the sinner, and nothing remains but for him to ‘believe’ – to trust in the infinite merits of His blood. . . . Those preachers who tell sinners they may be saved without forsaking their idols, without repenting, without surrendering to the Lordship of Christ are as erroneous and dangerous as others who insist that salvation is by works and that Heaven must be earned by our own efforts.”

Or as A. W. Tozer wrote, up until recently “no one would ever dare to rise in a meeting and say, ‘I am a Christian’ if he had not surrendered his whole being to God and had taken Jesus Christ as his Lord. It was only then that he could say, ‘I am saved!’ Today, we let them say they are saved no matter how imperfect and incomplete the transaction, with the proviso that the deeper Christian life can be tacked on at some time in the future. Can it be that we really think that we do not owe Jesus Christ our obedience?”

John Stott stated it this way: “it is as unbiblical as it is unrealistic to divorce the Lordship from the Saviorhood of Jesus Christ. He is ‘our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,’ and saving faith is commitment to Him who is both Son of God and Saviour of men.”

J. I. Packer also discusses this teaching. He refers to it as “the error which we might call only-believism” which would leave sinners “supposing that all they have to do is to trust Christ as a sin-bearer, not realising that they must also deny themselves and enthrone Him as their Lord”.

In his important study, The Cross and Salvation, Bruce Demarest puts it this way: “We conclude that for conversion to be authentic and transforming, pre-Christians must make the Lord Jesus Christ the object of their exclusive loyalty. This means that to the best of their knowledge penitents will forsake all known vice and cling to the Saviour as their only hope of salvation. Genuine conversion thus will involve sincere repentance, total commitment to Christ, and submission to the Lord’s sovereign rule.”

This is all just basic Christianity 101. But sadly we often have to state such truths, and state them again.

Consultation document issued by working group on women bishops legislation

A consultation document setting out a new way forward in enabling women to become bishops in the Church of England has today been sent to all General Synod members.

The document draws on the facilitated conversations arranged by the Working Group on women bishops legislation held earlier this week and the meeting of the House of Bishops on February 7.

The consultation document can be read here.


Statement following the meeting of the House of Bishops PR28.13

Read here

The Wealth of Nations Depends on the Health of Families

by Patrick Fagan, Witherspoon Institute

Even if all the market reforms of the Washington think tanks, the Wall Street Journal, and Forbes Magazine were enacted, we’d still need to kiss the Great American Economy goodbye. Below the level of economic policy lies a society that is producing fewer people capable of hard work, especially married men with children. As the retreat from marriage continues apace, there are fewer and fewer of these men, resulting in a slowly, permanently decelerating economy.
When men get married, their sense of responsibility and drive to provide gives them the incentive to work much harder. This translates into an average 27-percent increase in their productivity and income. With the retreat from marriage, instead of this “marriage premium,” we get more single men (who work the least), more cohabiting men (who work less than married men), and more divorced men (who fall between the singles and cohabiters).
All this is visible in the changing work patterns of our country, resulting in real macro-economic consequences. Fifty years ago family life and the economy were quite different.
Around 1960, just prior to the sexual revolution, the United States was the world’s heavyweight champion in economic productivity and earnings. Today we can still lift a lot, but, to extend the metaphor, we are moving down to the middleweight class. My colleague Dr. Henry Potrykus has shown that divorce alone has reduced the annual growth rate of the economy by at least one sixth since the mid-1980s, which with its compounding effect is by now quite significant.

Tory rebels may scupper gay marriage in the Lords

By Robert Watts, Telegraph

David Cameron faces another bitter battle over his plans to introduce gay marriage, with more than half of Conservative peers expected to vote against the move.

Dozens of Labour, Liberal Democrat and crossbench peers are also expected to vote against the Bill, threatening the Prime Minister’s plans for the first homosexual marriages to be held early next year.

Some Lords believe peers will table hundreds of amendments, with so-called “backwoodsmen” flocking to the Lords to “filibuster” in a bid to delay the legislation.

Details of the brewing rebellion in the Upper House emerge just days after the Commons vote on same-sex marriage. The Bill was passed but more Tory MPs voted against than in favour.

Michael Fallon, one of just 10 ministers who voted against the Bill, spells out his reasons for doing so in an interview with The Sunday Telegraph today.

The business minister suggests the move was railroaded through without a wide enough consultation. He said: “I didn’t think you could redefine something that is so central as marriage without much wider not least from those who are married and prize the status of marriage.”

Read here

New Archbishop of Canterbury facing showdown with senior bishops

By Edward Malnick, Telegraph

The new Archbishop of Canterbury is facing a showdown with senior church leaders over the Church of England’s decision to allow the appointment of gay bishops.

In the first major test of his leadership of the worldwide Anglican Communion the Most Rev Justin Welby will be warned that the Church’s move risks alienating millions of traditionalist Anglicans in Africa and Asia.

Leaders of churches around the world are flying to Britain for Archbishop Welby’s formal installation at Canterbury cathedral next month, when some of them will meet the Archbishop for the first time.

Many want the new spiritual head of the 80-million strong Communion to call for an end to “divisive” moves away from traditional church teaching on sexuality, such as the ordination of gay clergy as bishops.

Nine of the Communion’s 38 most senior leaders, or primates, have said bishops in the Church of England were “wrong” to approve new rules allowing gay men to become bishops at a time when the Anglican Church faces “major challenges of disunity”.

Leaders of the Global South – a grouping of the Anglican churches in Africa, Asia and South America – have also condemned “revisionist” moves by the Episcopal Church in the US, which has ordained openly gay bishops and blesses same-sex relationships.

Read here